Separate Fertiliser Placement (SFP) Air Drill

  • Handle tough no-till conditions with ProSeries™ Opener
  • See the flow rate of seed & fertiliser from the cab with RelativeFlow™ blockage monitoring
  • Accurate seed placement & emergence with TruSet™ in-cab "closed loop" downforce pressure control
  • Available in 9.1 m, 12.2 m, 13.1 m, and 18.3 m sizes
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Integration advantages of Deere tractor, cart, tool and technology

To win big in small grains, it takes a seeding solution that superseeds your expectations. John Deere delivers with a complete line of everything you need – and the sizes you want – to seed for success. Air-hoe drills. Commodity air carts. No-till air drills. Openers. Fertilizer attachments. Central commodity systems. Box drills. Plus precision ag technology to stretch your productivity to higher levels. But it’s far more than iron and technology. It’s the exceptional agronomic know-how and unsurpassed dealer support in all phases of production to keep you running. With our latest additions to equipment and openers, our seeding solutions deliver the next-generation performance you need to help you reach the full potential of each seed. That’s our commitment to you.

Confidence in rates from row to row with RelativeFlow™ Blockage sensing

With RelativeFlow Blockage sensing, operators can see the flow of both seed and fertilizer from inside the tractor cab. Sensors on all secondary hoses monitor the relative product flow row to row, giving you a better view of the flow rate of both seed and fertilizer from the cart to the opener from inside your tractor cab. This technology can help you identify any problems before a potential blockage occurs.


RelativeFlow Blockage is available in all run configurations on the following models (all widths):  

  • H500
  • H500F
  • P500
  • N500
  • N500F
  • N500C
  • 730LL


RelativeFlow Blockage is compatible with hydraulic drive carts: model year 2014 and newer 1910, all 19,381.5-L (550-bu) 1910 Carts, and C650 and C850 Air Carts.


Below are the Gen 4 display screens for the blockage monitoring system. For complete details and information, see the owner’s manual.

Blockage monitoring screen on Gen 4 displayBlockage monitoring screen on Gen 4 display

The RelativeFlow Blockage sensing chart shows the amount of flow through each sensor on the selected tower. Sensitivity for the blockage system can be adjusted if desired, as shown below.

Blockage Setup screen on Gen 4 displayBlockage Setup screen on Gen 4 display

Blockage warning sensitivity allows the producer to set and change the sensitivity of the sensors to meet their preferences and varying crop/fertilizer types. Increasing the sensitivity means the system is more likely to show a false blockage, while less sensitivity means the system is more likely to miss a blockage.


Multiple run-page alarm behavior options are available for selection.

Blockage monitoring screen on Gen 4 displayBlockage monitoring screen on Gen 4 display

Below are the Gen 4 display screens for the blockage monitoring system on the N500C.


For complete details and information reference, the owner’s manual.

RelativeFlow Blockage configured run pageRelativeFlow Blockage configured run page

The SeedStar™ system run page displays the five major run settings. Clicking on any of the tiles will take an operator to that specific page (shown below).

Operators can zoom into flow details by meter section when selecting blockage tilesOperators can zoom into flow details by meter section when selecting blockage tiles
Operators can zoom into the row level to access row/sensor information and turn a sensor on/off independentlyOperators can zoom into the row level to access row/sensor information and turn a sensor on/off independently
Blockage sensitivities and alarm delays are all set up on one easy-to-navigate screenBlockage sensitivities and alarm delays are all set up on one easy-to-navigate screen

Blockage alarm delays can be set up by clicking on the advanced settings button from the blockage set-up screen.

  • A blockage delay is how long a blockage should occur before an alarm is sounded.
  • The blockage alarm reminder is how often the alarm should sound when a blockage occurs.
  • The meter on delay is the time from when the meter is turned on until the blockage sensor should start monitoring for blockage.
  • The meter off delay is the time from when the meter is turned off until the blockage sensor should start monitoring to verify no flow.

For more detailed information, see the owner’s manual.


Air tools with RelativeFlow Blockage are not compatible with 1910 air carts with ground drive.


Independent seed and fertilizer down pressure adjustment

Down pressure adjustment for seed or fertilizer Down pressure adjustment for seed or fertilizer

Setting the opener down pressure is convenient and easy to adjust.

For 9.1-, 11.0-, 12.2-, and 13.1-m (30-, 36-, 40-, and 43-ft) widths the down pressure on the front fertilizer rockshaft is adjusted independently of the middle and rear seed opener rockshafts. Simply dial in the required pressure using the knobs.

The seed opener pressure gauge face is color coded to provide a guide for normal pressure operating ranges.

Valve blockValve block

The valve has two internal checks to reduce possibility of damage to valve when charging the system.

The down pressure cylinder is connected to live hydraulics and extends or retracts to maintain uniform down pressure on openers.

This system is compatible with either closed center or pressure flow compensated tractor hydraulic systems.

IMPORTANT: Tractors with open-center hydraulics require an open-center kit with change valve (order code 6505 to make the air drill compatible). The open-center application does not provide an opener flexibility feature.

Accurate delivery rates across the whole width of the tool with Air Power™ 2

For producers who need high rates in their operation, AirPower 2 delivers. With the dual fan system, producers get twice the fans than the original AirPower. Plus, each fan is larger than before. When additional power is needed to generate a higher level of input flow, AirPower 2 has the capability to deliver. The fan housing is cast aluminum, making it lighter in weight, but more durable than ever before. Producers can trust the fan system will stand the test of time.

Dual fan design

John Deere AirPower 2 system uses two separate, high-capacity fans – one for top shoot, one for bottom shoot. Using both fans can deliver a total of 249.5 kg (550 lb) at 8.8 km/h (5.5 mph) at 15-degree slope of material per acre, precisely metering product into the primary air stream. The results: Greater consistency across the entire drill, more uniform seed emergence, more even flowering and canopy development, and greater yields.

Air Power 2 fan systemAir Power 2 fan system

Enhanced air seeding performance would not be possible without the updates to the 15,152.8-L (430-bu) and 19,381.5-L (550-bu) 1910 and C-Series Air Carts. For the wider seeding width, more fan capacity has been added.


Air Power 2 provides two independently controlled fans – one for seed and one for fertilizer. Along with large, 76.2-mm (3-in.) primaries, more accurate delivery rates are possible across the full width of the seeding tool, from opener to opener. Plus, Air Power 2 allows growers to deliver high rates under field operating conditions – up to 40 percent more product delivery per primary compared to the single-fan system.


Dual fans are required for tow-between and tow-behind carts on the 23.2-m (76-ft) P576 and 18.3-m (60-ft) N560F models along with the eight primaries. Each fan will direct air to one set of primaries. Two selective control valves (SCVs) are required for the fans. The fan speed will be controlled through the SCV flow control.


Air Power 2 will also be compatible with the 17.1-m (56-ft) P556 and 23.2-m (76-ft) P576 Air Hoe Drills, as well as the 13.1-m (43-ft) N543F and 18.3-m (60-ft) N560F Disk Drills, plus the 15.2-m (50-ft) and 18.3-m (60-ft) 1890 models. An option is available for stainless-steel primaries to resist corrosion from high fertilizer rates.

C-Series Air CartC-Series Air Cart

There is a slide at the meter to choose bottom or top shoot for each meter. There is also a valve on the tank pressure system to choose top or bottom shoot. This same valve is used to adjust the amount of air to the tank to create the proper pressure differential.

Tank pressure valveTank pressure valve

The arrow on the valve handle should be pointing to the top of the range for the top shoot and the bottom of the range for the bottom shoot. If the tank will not be in use, set the pressure valve to the middle setting to not pressurize the tank. The operator should use the gauge to find the correct setting. An electronic pressure sensor will send a warning to the display if the tank pressure differential is out of range.


If pressure is in the green operating range, the tanks are sealed and operating correctly. The electronic pressure sensor is located behind the mechanical gauge on the side of the cart.

Improve seed placement accuracy from the cab with TruSet™ downforce control

TruSet downforce allows operators to set downforce pressures from inside the cab. Downforce can easily be changed by the push of a button as soil conditions vary. Proper downforce is directly related to a consistent seeding depth, which leads to improved even emergence, plant density, and maturity. The range of downforce adjustability begins at 74.8 kg (165 lb) and tops out at 181.4 kg (400 lb). 

TruSet screen on Gen 4 display for N500TruSet screen on Gen 4 display for N500
TruSet screen on Gen 4 display for N500FTruSet screen on Gen 4 display for N500F

Exclusive TruSet downforce control has taken adjustability on no-till John Deere seeding tools to a whole new level. Rather than using a valve on the tool, pressure control dials on the monitor let operators make incremental adjustments conveniently from the Gen 4 display inside the tractor cab. This also saves time and makes it easier to adapt to changing field conditions.


Seeding tool compatibility:

  • N500
  • N500F


NOTE: It is recommended that 15.2-m and 18.3-m (50-ft and 60-ft) machines use power beyond to run TruSet.


Display compatibility:

  • Gen 4 displays
  • GreenStar™ 3 2630 Display


Competitive tractors do not require add-on components for TruSet to function properly.

No-till opener seeding with minimal maintenance from the ProSeries™ Opener

ProSeries OpenersProSeries Openers

The ProSeries Opener is John Deere’s most advanced opener for your seed and separate fertilizer placement. When it comes to seeding precision, consistent seed depth, and uniform emergence in virtually all field conditions, you can superSEED your expectations with ProSeries.


Two of the three daily grease points were removed. The only remaining grease point is a yearly interval. The narrow seed boot travels behind the shadow of the blade, causing less soil disturbance. When attaching the boot to the shank, the bolt has been replaced with a flag pin. Now the flag pin is the wear point, not the casting, reducing overall maintenance. The seed press wheel is also redesigned; it has a narrow profile, a double-wall bearing, and is made of a flexible material. The quick-change blade feature reduces the time it takes to change each blade, saving time and money. Lastly, the seed tab is UV resistant and profiled similar to the trench. There is also the added option of the serrated closing wheel.


ProSeries Openers are in base equipment on all N500 and N500F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP), N500C, 1990 Central Commodity System (CCS™), and 1590 Air Drills.


The ProSeries Openers:

  • Work not only in no-till conditions, but also in minimum or reduced-till conditions
  • Provide 51 mm (2 in.) of free travel in the opener before spring down pressure takes over
    • Benefit: allows the opener to move over uneven ground conditions and minimize the chance of the gauge wheels bulldozing soil in soft or mellow conditions
    • The opener spring travels a maximum of 203-mm (8-in.) up or 150-mm (6-in.) down before the hydraulics react to uneven seedbeds

Separate fertilizer placement (SFP) offers growing advantages

SPF OpenersSPF Openers
Separate fertilizer placement offers nutrient placement at a 5 or 7-degree angle

The 5-degree fertilizer opener:

  • Is required for liquid and anhydrous (NH3) fertilizers
  • Will also apply dry fertilizer  
  • Opens a smaller trench than the 7-degree opener
  • Is better able to capture anhydrous and liquid fertilizer and seal fertilizers in the soil
Fertilizer tubes

There are four choices of interchangeable fertilizer tubes:

  • Dry fertilizer tube to be used with 32-mm (1-1/4-in.) secondary fertilizer hose from the 1910 Cart
  • Liquid fertilizer tube (for 13-mm [1/2-in.] i.d. hose)
    • IMPORTANT: Using this tube for anhydrous may cause loss of retention
  • Dual fertilizer delivery tube – allows for placement of dry or anhydrous. If applying both simultaneously, the operator may need to provide a relief system to relieve air from dry tube for adequate anhydrous retention. Without air relief, the operator will need to adjust air plenum to restrict all airflow to SFP dry tubes when anhydrous is being applied
  • Anhydrous tube (for 10-mm [3/8-in.] i.d. hose)
    • Liquid or NH3 fertilizer metering/delivery system is not provided by the John Deere Seeding Group


Key features of the SFP opener are:

  • 457.2-mm (18-in.) opener blades operate at 5 degrees, resulting in a narrow trench with less soil disturbance
  • Fertilizer tubes are interchangeable among dry, liquid, or anhydrous (NH3)
  • Closing wheel assembly is closer to the fertilizer delivery tube; provides increased fertilizer retention
  • Serrated closing wheels are base equipment on anhydrous openers and optional on liquid and dry openers
    • NOTE: Closing wheels are recommended when dry soil conditions are common.
  • Extended-wear (chrome alloy) fertilizer boots are standard equipment
  • Choice of five different gauge wheels
  • Depth adjustments in 6-mm (1/4-in.) increments from 13 mm to 89 mm (1/2 in. to 3.5 in.) deep
Opener furrow-closing wheel

The 25-mm x 305-mm (1-in. x 12-in.) cast closing wheel follows the press wheel to close the furrow, placing soil over seed or fertilizer after the press wheel secures the seed in the furrow.

  • A double-row ball bearing to reduce wear is located in the arm of the closing wheel
  • Mounted parallel to the furrow opener, the closing wheel can be adjusted laterally to allow running on top of the furrow for sandy or mellow soils or to side of the furrow for heavier soils
  • Down pressure is adjustable from 11.8 kg to 19.5 kg (26 lb to 43 lb) (no tools and three adjustments)
  • A grease fitting in the pivot arm provides free movement for the arm

ProSeries™ Opener retrofit kit

Growers that may be interested in upgrading their current 90 Series Openers to the ProSeries Openers can do this by ordering a ProSeries retrofit kit.


Two kit offerings are available for seed openers, a two row (AA98693) and eight row (AA97392) kit. The breakdowns are as follows:

A105410Deflector, seed firmer tab2 pc
A107506Washer, special8 pc
A109343Seed boot, left hand1 pc
A109344Seed boot, right hand1 pc
A110307Closing arm spring, left hand1 pc
A110308Closing arm spring, right hand1 pc
A31869Locknut2 pc
AA88056Press wheel assembly2 pc
E55662Nut, 3/88 pc
N280653Washer2 pc
N283804Opener disk2 pc
N283976Nut, U-nut2 pc
N283308Screw, flange2 pc
03H2070Bolt, round head8 pc
19M7720Screw, hex2 pc
A105392Spiked seed closing wheel2 pc
A97699Instructions, dealer download1 pc
A105410Deflector, seed firmer tab8 pc
A107506Washer, special32 pc
A109343Seed boot, left hand4 pc
A109344Seed boot, right hand4 pc
A110307Closing arm spring, left hand4 pc
A110308Closing arm spring, right hand4 pc
A31869Locknut8 pc
AA88056Press wheel assembly8 pc
E55662Nut, 3/832 pc
N280653Washer8 pc
N283804Opener disk8 pc
N283976Nut, U-nut8 pc
N283308Screw, flange8 pc
03H2070Bolt, round head32 pc
19M7720Screw, hex8 pc
A105392Spiked seed closing wheel8 pc
A117632Instructions, ProSeries1 pc
ProSeries seed opener kitProSeries seed opener kit

NOTE: Kits are subject to change.