X590

Ride-on Mowers

  • Accel Deep Deck
  • V-twin, air-cooled engine with iTorque Power System
  • Constant speed governor technology
  • 4 year/500 hour limited warranty

Features

V-twin engine has electronic fuel injection (EFI) and constant-speed governor for quick starts and superior performance

Smooth-running V-twin engineSmooth-running V-twin engine
Hood with vents for engine airHood with vents for engine air

The tractor is powered by a John Deere iTorque™ power system, a combination of engine features and an exclusive hood design providing superior lugging ability, even cooling, and durability. Key engine features include:

  • 25.5 hp (19 kW) at 3500 rpm
  • Large 726-cc displacement
  • V-twin air-cooled design
    • Excellent power and performance
    • Smooth, quiet power
    • Easy starts
  • Quality features include:
    • Cast-iron cylinder liners
    • Overhead valves
    • Full-pressure lubrication
    • Replaceable oil filter
    • Dual-stage air cleaner
  • Solenoid-shift starter for easy starts, even in cold weather
  • Electronic fuel injection (EFI)

    • EFI meters the correct amount of fuel directly into each engine cylinder for all operating conditions.
    • It simplifies engine starts and warm-up by eliminating the need for the operator to use a choke.
    • Fuel usage is reduced up to 10 percent compared to a carbureted engine.
  • Constant-speed governor

    • Constant-speed governor works in conjunction with EFI to electronically adjust the supply of fuel air mixture, to increase torque as needed to maintain engine operating speed under load.
    • Ground speed and mower blade-tip speed remain constant, even in heavy-grass conditions, to improve productivity and cut quality.
      • Mechanical governors cannot respond fast enough to maintain a constant engine speed.
    • Some torque rise remains to warn the operator before the engine stalls.
    • X590's constant-speed governor is a first in the mowing industry.
Electronic fuel injection and constant-speed governor
X590 Tractor dash, no choke requiredX590 Tractor dash, no choke required
Electrically actuated air inlet valveElectrically actuated air inlet valve

No choke control is needed for the EFI engine because aservo motor controls the intake air butterfly valve and the air stream. For cold starts the actuator will close the valve, making starting the engine easier - no choke lever is needed. Starts are quick and easy - even for inexperienced operators.

The advanced engine features provide the following advantages:

  • Constant-speed governor improves performance.

    • Mowing time is reduced as the constant-speed governor keeps the engine operating at optimum speed, responding instantaneously as the mower transitions from light to heavy mowing.
    • Cut quality is improved, especially in difficult mowing conditions, because the constant-speed governor keeps the mower blades turning at full speed, delivering optimal cut quality and dispersion of clippings. While snow blowing, maintaining the fan speed enables consistent snow placement.
  • EFI increases uptime.

    • Fast, reliable starts are routine just like with a modern automobile. EFI automatically meters fuel, including the extra fuel needed to start a cold engine. Flooding by unnecessary choking of a warm engine is eliminated. No carburetor adjustments are needed at altitude.
    • No choke-related problems since the choke is eliminated, thus ensuring operator confidence and quick starts, even in cold ambient temperatures (snow blower use). The mechanical throttle cable is replaced by an electric linkage that is not susceptible to wear or freezing.
  • Cost of ownership is reduced.

    • EFI precisely meters fuel to each engine cylinder. Fuel usage can be expected to be about 10 percent less than with a similar carbureted tractor.
    • Reduced maintenance expense because of fewer complaints related to hard starting, vapor lock, misfire, run-on, or fouled spark plugs.
  • The X590 Tractor, including the engine,is covered by a 4-year/500-hour bumper-to-bumper warranty*.

Flywheel alternator

A flywheel alternator provides plenty of capacity to quickly recharge the battery and power electrical equipment, such as lights or a sprayer:

  • 15-amp capacity
  • Regulated to keep the battery at a full charge, without risk of overcharging

*Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at JohnDeere.com or JohnDeere.ca/TUWarranty for details.

Fuel tank has a large, 4.4-U.S. gal. (16.6-L) capacity
Fuel tankFuel tank

Quality fuel system components enhance performance and convenience:

  • Large, 4.4-U.S. gal. (16.6-L) capacity
  • Wide, 3-in. (7.6-cm) diameter fuel tank filler opening
    • Located on the left fender
    • Makes adding fuel easy and helps eliminate spillage
  • Sealed and tethered fuel cap
    • Reduced fuel vapor loss
    • Less chance of losing fuel cap
Convenient dash-mounted fuel gaugeConvenient dash-mounted fuel gauge
  • Automotive-style fuel gauge on the dash
    • Easy to read from tractor seat
    • Reduces likelihood of running out of fuel
    • Eliminates unnecessary stops to refill
Smooth-running V-twin engineSmooth-running V-twin engine
Hood with vents for engine airHood with vents for engine air

The tractor is powered by a John Deere iTorque™ power system, a combination of engine features and an exclusive hood design providing superior lugging ability, even cooling, and durability. Key engine features include:

  • 25.5 hp (19 kW) at 3500 rpm
  • Large 726-cc displacement
  • V-twin air-cooled design
    • Excellent power and performance
    • Smooth, quiet power
    • Easy starts
  • Quality features include:
    • Cast-iron cylinder liners
    • Overhead valves
    • Full-pressure lubrication
    • Replaceable oil filter
    • Dual-stage air cleaner
  • Solenoid-shift starter for easy starts, even in cold weather
  • Electronic fuel injection (EFI)

    • EFI meters the correct amount of fuel directly into each engine cylinder for all operating conditions.
    • It simplifies engine starts and warm-up by eliminating the need for the operator to use a choke.
    • Fuel usage is reduced up to 10 percent compared to a carbureted engine.
  • Constant-speed governor

    • Constant-speed governor works in conjunction with EFI to electronically adjust the supply of fuel air mixture, to increase torque as needed to maintain engine operating speed under load.
    • Ground speed and mower blade-tip speed remain constant, even in heavy-grass conditions, to improve productivity and cut quality.
      • Mechanical governors cannot respond fast enough to maintain a constant engine speed.
    • Some torque rise remains to warn the operator before the engine stalls.
    • X590's constant-speed governor is a first in the mowing industry.
Electronic fuel injection and constant-speed governor
X590 Tractor dash, no choke requiredX590 Tractor dash, no choke required
Electrically actuated air inlet valveElectrically actuated air inlet valve

No choke control is needed for the EFI engine because aservo motor controls the intake air butterfly valve and the air stream. For cold starts the actuator will close the valve, making starting the engine easier - no choke lever is needed. Starts are quick and easy - even for inexperienced operators.

The advanced engine features provide the following advantages:

  • Constant-speed governor improves performance.

    • Mowing time is reduced as the constant-speed governor keeps the engine operating at optimum speed, responding instantaneously as the mower transitions from light to heavy mowing.
    • Cut quality is improved, especially in difficult mowing conditions, because the constant-speed governor keeps the mower blades turning at full speed, delivering optimal cut quality and dispersion of clippings. While snow blowing, maintaining the fan speed enables consistent snow placement.
  • EFI increases uptime.

    • Fast, reliable starts are routine just like with a modern automobile. EFI automatically meters fuel, including the extra fuel needed to start a cold engine. Flooding by unnecessary choking of a warm engine is eliminated. No carburetor adjustments are needed at altitude.
    • No choke-related problems since the choke is eliminated, thus ensuring operator confidence and quick starts, even in cold ambient temperatures (snow blower use). The mechanical throttle cable is replaced by an electric linkage that is not susceptible to wear or freezing.
  • Cost of ownership is reduced.

    • EFI precisely meters fuel to each engine cylinder. Fuel usage can be expected to be about 10 percent less than with a similar carbureted tractor.
    • Reduced maintenance expense because of fewer complaints related to hard starting, vapor lock, misfire, run-on, or fouled spark plugs.
  • The X590 Tractor, including the engine,is covered by a 4-year/500-hour bumper-to-bumper warranty*.

Flywheel alternator

A flywheel alternator provides plenty of capacity to quickly recharge the battery and power electrical equipment, such as lights or a sprayer:

  • 15-amp capacity
  • Regulated to keep the battery at a full charge, without risk of overcharging

*Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at JohnDeere.com or JohnDeere.ca/TUWarranty for details.

Fuel tank has a large, 4.4-U.S. gal. (16.6-L) capacity
Fuel tankFuel tank

Quality fuel system components enhance performance and convenience:

  • Large, 4.4-U.S. gal. (16.6-L) capacity
  • Wide, 3-in. (7.6-cm) diameter fuel tank filler opening
    • Located on the left fender
    • Makes adding fuel easy and helps eliminate spillage
  • Sealed and tethered fuel cap
    • Reduced fuel vapor loss
    • Less chance of losing fuel cap
Convenient dash-mounted fuel gaugeConvenient dash-mounted fuel gauge
  • Automotive-style fuel gauge on the dash
    • Easy to read from tractor seat
    • Reduces likelihood of running out of fuel
    • Eliminates unnecessary stops to refill

The 54-in. (137-cm) Accel Deep™ (54A) Mower Deck cuts clean and is versatile

X394 with Accel Deep 54A MowerX394 with Accel Deep 54A Mower
Accel Deep 54A MowerAccel Deep 54A Mower

The 54-in. (137-cm) Accel Deep Mower Deck is a stamped-steel, deep, flat-top design that delivers excellent cut quality, productivity, cleanliness, durability, and versatility.Optimal performance and dispersion of clippings is provided, even at faster mowing speeds:

  • 4.83-in. (12.3-cm) depth throughout the entire deckshell for optimum mowing, mulching, and bagging performance
    • Optional lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl™ attachment provides superior mulching performance and versatility.
  • Stamped-steel design eliminates sharp edges and corners where material can build up and diminishmowingperformance
  • Mower deck is suspended from the vehiclefor a smooth and level cut
    • Adjustable mower wheels,positioned just above ground level, help reduce scalping
Excellent cut quality
54A Mower top54A Mower top
54A Mower underside54A Mower underside

Deep mower-deck stamping gives excellent cut quality. It allows the cut and suspended materialroom toexitthe deckwithout getting recut:

  • Reducing the amount of re-cutting enables more power to be used to cut incoming grass, which greatly improves mower capacity.
    • Helps maintain excellent cut quality at faster mowing speeds
  • Clean flow of material out of discharge area prevents cut material from interfering with cutting the incoming grass, making it possible for the blades to cut incoming material cleanly.
  • Even in mulching mode, cut evenness is improved compared to other designsbecause the additional depth allows for continuous circulation, optimal re-cutting, and an even distribution of clippings.
Productivity - getting the job done fast
Right side of Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckRight side of Accel Deep 54A Mower Deck

Deep mower-deck stamping gives high productivity, which gets the job done fast. It allows the cut and suspended materialroom toexitthe deck quickly, reducing the amount of re-cutting so more power is available toprocess incoming grass:

  • Greatly improves mowers capacity to maintain excellent mowing performance in difficult mowing conditions and at higher speeds

Large discharge opening is both high and wide to handle more material:

  • Gives a smooth, even discharge of clippings at all mowing speeds
  • Reduces the chanceof plugging, especially important when operating in wet, thick, or dense grass and when bagging
  • The 54A Power Flow™ blowerhas aninlet housing with over 20 percentgreater area than the 54X Power Flow blower used on previous machines.
Cleanliness - for the mower and the operator
Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck
Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck

Theflat-top shape of the deck stamping is optimal for keeping itself and the operator clean:

  • There are few placesto catch and hold material on top and underneath the deck.
    • Top of deck stays cleaner, reducing time and effort needed for cleaning and service
    • Underside of deck is self-cleaning to maintain optimum performance without build-up of material to interfere with the flow of air and clippings
    • Less need to clean and remove build-up of material fromunderside deck
  • The depth of the Accel Deep mower deck minimizes the amount of material thatescapes from the front of the deck
    • Limited amount of material to drift onto the operator and mower deck
    • Even for material discharged out the chute, less re-cutting results in larger pieces that are less likely to end up on the operator
    • Mulching prevents the discharge of material completely and a MulchControlattachmentmakes mulching a practical solution for most mowing situations.

Cleaning a mower deck, both top and bottom, is one of the most frequent maintenance activities:

  • The flat-top design reduces places for material to build up and makes material that does collect easy to remove.
Mower wash portMower wash port
Mower wash port with hose connectorMower wash port with hose connector

A wash port is provided to make cleaning the underside of the mower deck easy.

  • Hose connector is included with the mower deck.
Superior durability is designed in
Spindle pocket with flip-up coverSpindle pocket with flip-up cover
Easy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcementEasy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcement

The 54A Mower Deck has strong spindle pockets, to keep the bladesaligned, even after years of tough service:

  • Ribs in the deck shelladd strength where it is needed.
  • The 54A has a3 percentheavier overall weight than theEdge™ Xtra 54-in. (137-cm) mower deck used on previous machines.

Mower wheels areheavy duty:

  • Provides greater strength and durability for longer, trouble-free life.
  • Setting wheels to the correct height for the cutting height quick and easy.

Low-tension belt-drive design reduces the side load on engine lower bearings and mower deck bearings for longer life.

The 54A Mower Deck features a 5/8-in. (16-mm) diameter solid-steel rod side bumper thatprovides extra strength and protection.

Dual-stage E-coat and powder-paint coatings provide extra protection from rust.

Versatility - easy to change between side discharge, mulch, and bagging modes

The 54A Mower is designed for maximum versatility,providing the greatest ease in changing from one mower discharge mode to another:

  • With an optional MulchControl attachment installed (along with the special mulching blades), changing from mulch mode to side discharge mode or vice versa is done with the simple flip of a lever or touch of an electric switch.
  • The Power Flow rear bagger can be used with the MulchControl attachment and blades installed by simply using the MulchControl lever or electric one-touch switch to move the MulchControl baffle to the side-discharge position.
MulchControl option

AMulchControl attachment for the 54A Mower Deck makes mulching more practical for many mowing situations because it not only does an excellent job of mulching but it also allows the mower to be easily converted for times when it is more desirable to side discharge or collect the lawn material. Advantages of mulching grass clippings include:

  • A beautiful looking lawn
  • Grass clippings not blown onto the operator, driveways, or flower beds
  • Less fertilizer use
  • Elimination of the effort needed to dispose of clippings
How MulchControl works
MulchControl baffle openMulchControl baffle open
MulchControl baffle closedMulchControl baffle closed

MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:

  • The MulchControl attachment includes baffles to control the flow of material under the deck.
    • The MulchControl baffle, or divider, between the left and middle spindles is about half way down.The height is designed to balance themulch and side-dischargemodes.
    • When the MulchControl baffle is open, the divider between the left and middle spindles passes a portion of the material to the discharge opening, along with the material from the middle and right spindle areas.
    • When the MulchControlbaffle is closed, the material stays within the deck and gets chopped into mulch and deposited in the turf.

While in the side-discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side-discharge mode is essentially a partial-mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:

  • When cutting strong southern grasses, such as Zoysia and Bermuda
  • When cutting in wet, high-growth conditions, such as those found in the Pacific Northwest United States
  • When optimum bagging and lawn clean-up is desired
7-bu (247-L) Power Flow rear bagger
Optional 7-bu (247-L) rear baggerOptional 7-bu (247-L) rear bagger
Power Flow blowerPower Flow blower

An optional7-bu (247-L) rear bagger material collection system (MCS) is available.It provides an efficient means of collecting grass clippings and leaves:

  • The Power Flow blower and chute are easy to install. The Power Flow blower swings out for easy cleanout and cleanup.
  • The hopper design provides modern styling,great bagging performance, cleaner operation, and easy-to-empty bags:
    • 7-bu (247-L) capacity
    • Easy-to-attachPower Flow blower(ordered separately)
    • Easy-to-attach chute (ordered separately)
    • Air exhaust duct
    • Convenient spring-latch
    • Airflow fill indicator
    • Quik-Tatch mounting
    • Sealed hopper top
    • Loose-knit bags available

Larger 14-bu (493-L) and 19-bu (670-L) MCS are available, in addition to the 7-bu (247-L) MCS, for specific X300 and X500 Series Tractor models.

MulchControl handleMulchControl handle
Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch
  • For the lever-action MulchControl attachment, the MulchControl lever on top of the mower deck is used to engage or disengage mulch mode.
    • The operator is required to get off of the tractor in order to engage or disengage mulch mode with the lever-action system.
  • For the electric one-touch MulchControl attachment, the electric switch on the tractor dash is used to engage or disengage mulch mode.
  • Changing from mulch mode to side discharge mode or vice versa takes only a few seconds.

MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:

  • Usually mulch, but side discharge when grass gets too long
  • Usually side-discharge, but would like to be able to close the chute to control clippings
  • Always mulch a main lawn, but often side discharge secondary lawns
  • Bag clippings, but want to go farther before emptying bags

MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. Now the operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharging or bagging when needed.

X394 with Accel Deep 54A MowerX394 with Accel Deep 54A Mower
Accel Deep 54A MowerAccel Deep 54A Mower

The 54-in. (137-cm) Accel Deep Mower Deck is a stamped-steel, deep, flat-top design that delivers excellent cut quality, productivity, cleanliness, durability, and versatility.Optimal performance and dispersion of clippings is provided, even at faster mowing speeds:

  • 4.83-in. (12.3-cm) depth throughout the entire deckshell for optimum mowing, mulching, and bagging performance
    • Optional lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl™ attachment provides superior mulching performance and versatility.
  • Stamped-steel design eliminates sharp edges and corners where material can build up and diminishmowingperformance
  • Mower deck is suspended from the vehiclefor a smooth and level cut
    • Adjustable mower wheels,positioned just above ground level, help reduce scalping
Excellent cut quality
54A Mower top54A Mower top
54A Mower underside54A Mower underside

Deep mower-deck stamping gives excellent cut quality. It allows the cut and suspended materialroom toexitthe deckwithout getting recut:

  • Reducing the amount of re-cutting enables more power to be used to cut incoming grass, which greatly improves mower capacity.
    • Helps maintain excellent cut quality at faster mowing speeds
  • Clean flow of material out of discharge area prevents cut material from interfering with cutting the incoming grass, making it possible for the blades to cut incoming material cleanly.
  • Even in mulching mode, cut evenness is improved compared to other designsbecause the additional depth allows for continuous circulation, optimal re-cutting, and an even distribution of clippings.
Productivity - getting the job done fast
Right side of Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckRight side of Accel Deep 54A Mower Deck

Deep mower-deck stamping gives high productivity, which gets the job done fast. It allows the cut and suspended materialroom toexitthe deck quickly, reducing the amount of re-cutting so more power is available toprocess incoming grass:

  • Greatly improves mowers capacity to maintain excellent mowing performance in difficult mowing conditions and at higher speeds

Large discharge opening is both high and wide to handle more material:

  • Gives a smooth, even discharge of clippings at all mowing speeds
  • Reduces the chanceof plugging, especially important when operating in wet, thick, or dense grass and when bagging
  • The 54A Power Flow™ blowerhas aninlet housing with over 20 percentgreater area than the 54X Power Flow blower used on previous machines.
Cleanliness - for the mower and the operator
Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck
Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck

Theflat-top shape of the deck stamping is optimal for keeping itself and the operator clean:

  • There are few placesto catch and hold material on top and underneath the deck.
    • Top of deck stays cleaner, reducing time and effort needed for cleaning and service
    • Underside of deck is self-cleaning to maintain optimum performance without build-up of material to interfere with the flow of air and clippings
    • Less need to clean and remove build-up of material fromunderside deck
  • The depth of the Accel Deep mower deck minimizes the amount of material thatescapes from the front of the deck
    • Limited amount of material to drift onto the operator and mower deck
    • Even for material discharged out the chute, less re-cutting results in larger pieces that are less likely to end up on the operator
    • Mulching prevents the discharge of material completely and a MulchControlattachmentmakes mulching a practical solution for most mowing situations.

Cleaning a mower deck, both top and bottom, is one of the most frequent maintenance activities:

  • The flat-top design reduces places for material to build up and makes material that does collect easy to remove.
Mower wash portMower wash port
Mower wash port with hose connectorMower wash port with hose connector

A wash port is provided to make cleaning the underside of the mower deck easy.

  • Hose connector is included with the mower deck.
Superior durability is designed in
Spindle pocket with flip-up coverSpindle pocket with flip-up cover
Easy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcementEasy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcement

The 54A Mower Deck has strong spindle pockets, to keep the bladesaligned, even after years of tough service:

  • Ribs in the deck shelladd strength where it is needed.
  • The 54A has a3 percentheavier overall weight than theEdge™ Xtra 54-in. (137-cm) mower deck used on previous machines.

Mower wheels areheavy duty:

  • Provides greater strength and durability for longer, trouble-free life.
  • Setting wheels to the correct height for the cutting height quick and easy.

Low-tension belt-drive design reduces the side load on engine lower bearings and mower deck bearings for longer life.

The 54A Mower Deck features a 5/8-in. (16-mm) diameter solid-steel rod side bumper thatprovides extra strength and protection.

Dual-stage E-coat and powder-paint coatings provide extra protection from rust.

Versatility - easy to change between side discharge, mulch, and bagging modes

The 54A Mower is designed for maximum versatility,providing the greatest ease in changing from one mower discharge mode to another:

  • With an optional MulchControl attachment installed (along with the special mulching blades), changing from mulch mode to side discharge mode or vice versa is done with the simple flip of a lever or touch of an electric switch.
  • The Power Flow rear bagger can be used with the MulchControl attachment and blades installed by simply using the MulchControl lever or electric one-touch switch to move the MulchControl baffle to the side-discharge position.
MulchControl option

AMulchControl attachment for the 54A Mower Deck makes mulching more practical for many mowing situations because it not only does an excellent job of mulching but it also allows the mower to be easily converted for times when it is more desirable to side discharge or collect the lawn material. Advantages of mulching grass clippings include:

  • A beautiful looking lawn
  • Grass clippings not blown onto the operator, driveways, or flower beds
  • Less fertilizer use
  • Elimination of the effort needed to dispose of clippings
How MulchControl works
MulchControl baffle openMulchControl baffle open
MulchControl baffle closedMulchControl baffle closed

MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:

  • The MulchControl attachment includes baffles to control the flow of material under the deck.
    • The MulchControl baffle, or divider, between the left and middle spindles is about half way down.The height is designed to balance themulch and side-dischargemodes.
    • When the MulchControl baffle is open, the divider between the left and middle spindles passes a portion of the material to the discharge opening, along with the material from the middle and right spindle areas.
    • When the MulchControlbaffle is closed, the material stays within the deck and gets chopped into mulch and deposited in the turf.

While in the side-discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side-discharge mode is essentially a partial-mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:

  • When cutting strong southern grasses, such as Zoysia and Bermuda
  • When cutting in wet, high-growth conditions, such as those found in the Pacific Northwest United States
  • When optimum bagging and lawn clean-up is desired
7-bu (247-L) Power Flow rear bagger
Optional 7-bu (247-L) rear baggerOptional 7-bu (247-L) rear bagger
Power Flow blowerPower Flow blower

An optional7-bu (247-L) rear bagger material collection system (MCS) is available.It provides an efficient means of collecting grass clippings and leaves:

  • The Power Flow blower and chute are easy to install. The Power Flow blower swings out for easy cleanout and cleanup.
  • The hopper design provides modern styling,great bagging performance, cleaner operation, and easy-to-empty bags:
    • 7-bu (247-L) capacity
    • Easy-to-attachPower Flow blower(ordered separately)
    • Easy-to-attach chute (ordered separately)
    • Air exhaust duct
    • Convenient spring-latch
    • Airflow fill indicator
    • Quik-Tatch mounting
    • Sealed hopper top
    • Loose-knit bags available

Larger 14-bu (493-L) and 19-bu (670-L) MCS are available, in addition to the 7-bu (247-L) MCS, for specific X300 and X500 Series Tractor models.

MulchControl handleMulchControl handle
Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch
  • For the lever-action MulchControl attachment, the MulchControl lever on top of the mower deck is used to engage or disengage mulch mode.
    • The operator is required to get off of the tractor in order to engage or disengage mulch mode with the lever-action system.
  • For the electric one-touch MulchControl attachment, the electric switch on the tractor dash is used to engage or disengage mulch mode.
  • Changing from mulch mode to side discharge mode or vice versa takes only a few seconds.

MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:

  • Usually mulch, but side discharge when grass gets too long
  • Usually side-discharge, but would like to be able to close the chute to control clippings
  • Always mulch a main lawn, but often side discharge secondary lawns
  • Bag clippings, but want to go farther before emptying bags

MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. Now the operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharging or bagging when needed.

Four-year or 500-hour bumper-to-bumper warranty is standard

An exclusive 4-year or 500-hour (whichever comes first), single-source, bumper-to-bumper warranty* is standard for all John Deere X500 Series Tractors.

  • The warranty is hassle free, with one company handling all of the paperwork.
  • Premium features ofX500 Series Tractors allow for this longer warranty period, with more coverage than comparable tractors.

*Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at JohnDeere.com or JohnDeere.ca/TUWarranty for details.

An exclusive 4-year or 500-hour (whichever comes first), single-source, bumper-to-bumper warranty* is standard for all John Deere X500 Series Tractors.

  • The warranty is hassle free, with one company handling all of the paperwork.
  • Premium features ofX500 Series Tractors allow for this longer warranty period, with more coverage than comparable tractors.

*Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at JohnDeere.com or JohnDeere.ca/TUWarranty for details.

Power steering and hydraulic lift enable easy operation

Power steering cylinderPower steering cylinder
Tilt steering wheel control leverTilt steering wheel control lever

Hydraulic power steering is standard equipment:

  • Provides effortless automotive-like control
  • Reduces operator fatigue and increases productivity
  • Offers a tight turning radius for great maneuverability
  • Adjustable-tilt steering wheel for optimum operator comfort (X584 and X590)
Convenient hydraulic lift
Hydraulic lift leverHydraulic lift lever

Convenient hydraulic lift lever makes raising and lowering the mower or implement easy:

  • The hydraulic lift control lever is positioned on the dash near the steering wheel.
  • Hydraulic lift provides quick, easy, and precise fingertip control of equipment.
  • Implement float is built into the lift linkage.
Power steering cylinderPower steering cylinder
Tilt steering wheel control leverTilt steering wheel control lever

Hydraulic power steering is standard equipment:

  • Provides effortless automotive-like control
  • Reduces operator fatigue and increases productivity
  • Offers a tight turning radius for great maneuverability
  • Adjustable-tilt steering wheel for optimum operator comfort (X584 and X590)
Convenient hydraulic lift
Hydraulic lift leverHydraulic lift lever

Convenient hydraulic lift lever makes raising and lowering the mower or implement easy:

  • The hydraulic lift control lever is positioned on the dash near the steering wheel.
  • Hydraulic lift provides quick, easy, and precise fingertip control of equipment.
  • Implement float is built into the lift linkage.

Hydrostatic transaxle has traction assist

Hydrostatic transaxleHydrostatic transaxle
Piston-type rotating groupsPiston-type rotating groups

The integrated hydrostatic transaxle (IHT) encloses the hydrostatic pump and motor rotating groups in the same housing with the differential and axle housing:

  • Very efficient piston-type design
  • Fewersealing surfaces to minimize potential for leakage

When combined with the foot controls, the hydrostatic transmission functions similarly to that of an automatic transmission in an automobile, so the term automatic is often used to describe it.

Key features of the drive system are as follows:

  • Large pump and motor rotating groups for long life and efficient operation
  • Full-length axle housings to support heavy loads
  • Twin Touch™ foot control for easy and precise change of speed and direction
  • Internal wet-disk brakes for long life and consistent operation. Brake interlock system that returns the foot control pedals to neutral during panic stops.
  • Return mechanism that closes the freewheeling valve when the brake pedal is depressed to start the engine
  • Replaceable oil filter for extra protection for tractors equipped with hydraulic lift and steering
Replaceable filter (X580, X584, X590)Replaceable filter (X580, X584, X590)
Standard cruise control
Cruise controlCruise control

Cruise control is standard equipment:

  • Maintains a set tractor ground speed for mowing large areas or whendriving the tractor from one location to another.
  • Convenient, easy-to-use button to activate cruise control function.
  • Release cruise control with brake pedal or forward Twin Touch™ foot pedal
Traction assist (differential lock)
Traction assist controlTraction assist control

Traction assist is standard equipment:

  • Traction assist supplies positive power to both drive wheels for increased traction.
  • Foot-operated traction assist control is convenient for the operator to use, when needed.
Hydrostatic transaxleHydrostatic transaxle
Piston-type rotating groupsPiston-type rotating groups

The integrated hydrostatic transaxle (IHT) encloses the hydrostatic pump and motor rotating groups in the same housing with the differential and axle housing:

  • Very efficient piston-type design
  • Fewersealing surfaces to minimize potential for leakage

When combined with the foot controls, the hydrostatic transmission functions similarly to that of an automatic transmission in an automobile, so the term automatic is often used to describe it.

Key features of the drive system are as follows:

  • Large pump and motor rotating groups for long life and efficient operation
  • Full-length axle housings to support heavy loads
  • Twin Touch™ foot control for easy and precise change of speed and direction
  • Internal wet-disk brakes for long life and consistent operation. Brake interlock system that returns the foot control pedals to neutral during panic stops.
  • Return mechanism that closes the freewheeling valve when the brake pedal is depressed to start the engine
  • Replaceable oil filter for extra protection for tractors equipped with hydraulic lift and steering
Replaceable filter (X580, X584, X590)Replaceable filter (X580, X584, X590)
Standard cruise control
Cruise controlCruise control

Cruise control is standard equipment:

  • Maintains a set tractor ground speed for mowing large areas or whendriving the tractor from one location to another.
  • Convenient, easy-to-use button to activate cruise control function.
  • Release cruise control with brake pedal or forward Twin Touch™ foot pedal
Traction assist (differential lock)
Traction assist controlTraction assist control

Traction assist is standard equipment:

  • Traction assist supplies positive power to both drive wheels for increased traction.
  • Foot-operated traction assist control is convenient for the operator to use, when needed.

Lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl™ options are available for extra mowing convenience

Lever-action MulchControl leverLever-action MulchControl lever
Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch

Lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl attachment is available for Accel Deep™ 42-in. (107-cm) (42A), 48-in. (122-cm) (48A), and 54-in. (137-cm) (54A) Mower Decks used on ZTrak™ Mowers and X300 and X500 Select Series™ Tractors.

MulchControl advantages and benefits

MulchControl enhances versatility and productivity. A mower deck equipped with MulchControl not only does an excellent job of mowing and mulching, but it can also be quickly converted from side discharging to mulching or vice versa:

  • In mulch mode, it controls clippings dispersion in unwanted areas (driveways, landscape beds, near buildings, windows, parking lots, etc.).
  • Reduces cleanup time needed to dispose of clippings.
  • Reduces the amount of material entering a material collection system because, even in the side discharge mode, MulchControl will mulch about one third of the material due to the additional baffles under the mower deck and the unique design of the mulching blades.

Electric one-touch MulchControl has the additional advantage of being controlled from the tractor seat by a switch on the dash to operate an electric actuator that moves the baffle to close off the discharge area of the mower deck.

Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch
Electric one-touch MulchControl actuatorElectric one-touch MulchControl actuator
  • Operators can convert between modes without interrupting the mowing process, making it practical to change between modes as conditions require.
    • When approaching clean areas like driveways or flowerbeds where clippings would be undesirable
    • When a breeze might blow clippings back onto the operator
    • For side discharge mowing only the areas of the property where grass is too thick for mulching
    • With 48A and 54A Mower Decks, for collecting only the areas of the property where grass is too tall or thick for mulching
      • With 48A and 54A Mower Decks, the MulchControl baffle can be opened or closed with the Power Flow™ blower installed. The Power Flow blower will run without material when the baffle is closed.
      • Models equipped with a 42A Mower Deck require a MulchControl baffle be removed to install the bagger chute; see42A Mower Deck versatility explanation for more information.
  • Changing from one mode to the other takes only a few seconds.
How MulchControl works

A mower equipped with a MulchControl attachment delivers unprecedented levels of productivity and versatility. The operator has the ability to quickly change between side discharging and mulching. A heavy-duty baffle opens and closes to convert the mower from side discharge mode to mulch mode or vice versa.

MulchControl baffle open (similar mower deck shown)MulchControl baffle open (similar mower deck shown)
MulchControl baffle closed (similar mower deck shown) MulchControl baffle closed (similar mower deck shown)

MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:

  • The MulchControl attachment includes baffles to control the flow of material under the deck.
  • When the MulchControl baffle is open, most of the material flows freely out the discharge deflector or into a material collection system.
  • When the MulchControl baffle is closed, material stays within the deck and gets chopped into mulch and deposited in the turf.

MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:

  • For operators who usually mulch, but side discharge when grass gets too long
  • For operators who usually side discharge, but would like to be able to close the chute to control clippings in some areas
  • For operators who always mulch a main lawn, but often side discharge secondary lawns
  • For operators who collect clippings, but want to go farther before emptying the material collection system

MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. Now the operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharging when desired.

Advantages of MulchControl include:

  • Performance is improved.
    • Mulching is beneficial because it returns the clippings to the ground as fertilizer, which promotes lawn growth.
    • Clippings are much smaller, which allows them to fall into the grass and be removed from view.
    • Unsightly grass clippings are not blown onto driveways or into flower beds.
    • Fertilizer use is reduced and provides associated environmental benefits.
  • Uptime is increased.
    • Operators can convert quickly between modes, making it possible to change between mulching and side discharging as conditions require.
    • Mulching heavy, thick material can significantly reduce mower productivity. The ability to switch from mulch to side discharge mode ensures productivity, especially in grass too tall or thick to mulch effectively.
  • Cost of operation is reduced.
    • Controlling clipping dispersion reduces cleanup time.
MulchControl limitations

While in the side discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side discharge mode is essentially a partial mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:

  • When cutting strong southern grasses, such as Zoysia and Bermuda
  • When cutting in wet, high growth conditions, such as those found in the Pacific Northwest United States
  • When optimum bagging and lawn clean­up is desired
  • 42A Mower Deck requires a MulchControl baffle be removed to install the bagger chute
MulchControl compatibility

Each MulchControl attachment includes everything needed: baffles and mulch blades for all attachments, and the actuator, wiring, and switches for the electric one-touchattachments.

Lever-action MulchControl attachments
Attachment numberDescriptionApplications
BM2479442A MulchControl (lever action)X300 Series Tractors, Z300 Series ZTrak Mowers
BM2499348A MulchControl (lever action)X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers
BM2499454A MulchControl (lever action)X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers
Electric one-touch MulchControl attachments
Attachment numberDescriptionApplications
BUC1016442A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 Series Tractors*
BUC1016548A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 and X500 Series Tractors*
BUC1016654A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 and X500 Series Tractors*

*NOTE: Model year 2016-2017 X300 and X500 Series Tractors (X300 serial number 10,001-50,000 and X500 serial number 110,001-130,000) require replacing the tractor wiring harness and dash panel to use an electric MulchControl attachment.

Lever-action MulchControl leverLever-action MulchControl lever
Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch

Lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl attachment is available for Accel Deep™ 42-in. (107-cm) (42A), 48-in. (122-cm) (48A), and 54-in. (137-cm) (54A) Mower Decks used on ZTrak™ Mowers and X300 and X500 Select Series™ Tractors.

MulchControl advantages and benefits

MulchControl enhances versatility and productivity. A mower deck equipped with MulchControl not only does an excellent job of mowing and mulching, but it can also be quickly converted from side discharging to mulching or vice versa:

  • In mulch mode, it controls clippings dispersion in unwanted areas (driveways, landscape beds, near buildings, windows, parking lots, etc.).
  • Reduces cleanup time needed to dispose of clippings.
  • Reduces the amount of material entering a material collection system because, even in the side discharge mode, MulchControl will mulch about one third of the material due to the additional baffles under the mower deck and the unique design of the mulching blades.

Electric one-touch MulchControl has the additional advantage of being controlled from the tractor seat by a switch on the dash to operate an electric actuator that moves the baffle to close off the discharge area of the mower deck.

Electric one-touch MulchControl switchElectric one-touch MulchControl switch
Electric one-touch MulchControl actuatorElectric one-touch MulchControl actuator
  • Operators can convert between modes without interrupting the mowing process, making it practical to change between modes as conditions require.
    • When approaching clean areas like driveways or flowerbeds where clippings would be undesirable
    • When a breeze might blow clippings back onto the operator
    • For side discharge mowing only the areas of the property where grass is too thick for mulching
    • With 48A and 54A Mower Decks, for collecting only the areas of the property where grass is too tall or thick for mulching
      • With 48A and 54A Mower Decks, the MulchControl baffle can be opened or closed with the Power Flow™ blower installed. The Power Flow blower will run without material when the baffle is closed.
      • Models equipped with a 42A Mower Deck require a MulchControl baffle be removed to install the bagger chute; see42A Mower Deck versatility explanation for more information.
  • Changing from one mode to the other takes only a few seconds.
How MulchControl works

A mower equipped with a MulchControl attachment delivers unprecedented levels of productivity and versatility. The operator has the ability to quickly change between side discharging and mulching. A heavy-duty baffle opens and closes to convert the mower from side discharge mode to mulch mode or vice versa.

MulchControl baffle open (similar mower deck shown)MulchControl baffle open (similar mower deck shown)
MulchControl baffle closed (similar mower deck shown) MulchControl baffle closed (similar mower deck shown)

MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:

  • The MulchControl attachment includes baffles to control the flow of material under the deck.
  • When the MulchControl baffle is open, most of the material flows freely out the discharge deflector or into a material collection system.
  • When the MulchControl baffle is closed, material stays within the deck and gets chopped into mulch and deposited in the turf.

MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:

  • For operators who usually mulch, but side discharge when grass gets too long
  • For operators who usually side discharge, but would like to be able to close the chute to control clippings in some areas
  • For operators who always mulch a main lawn, but often side discharge secondary lawns
  • For operators who collect clippings, but want to go farther before emptying the material collection system

MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. Now the operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharging when desired.

Advantages of MulchControl include:

  • Performance is improved.
    • Mulching is beneficial because it returns the clippings to the ground as fertilizer, which promotes lawn growth.
    • Clippings are much smaller, which allows them to fall into the grass and be removed from view.
    • Unsightly grass clippings are not blown onto driveways or into flower beds.
    • Fertilizer use is reduced and provides associated environmental benefits.
  • Uptime is increased.
    • Operators can convert quickly between modes, making it possible to change between mulching and side discharging as conditions require.
    • Mulching heavy, thick material can significantly reduce mower productivity. The ability to switch from mulch to side discharge mode ensures productivity, especially in grass too tall or thick to mulch effectively.
  • Cost of operation is reduced.
    • Controlling clipping dispersion reduces cleanup time.
MulchControl limitations

While in the side discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side discharge mode is essentially a partial mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:

  • When cutting strong southern grasses, such as Zoysia and Bermuda
  • When cutting in wet, high growth conditions, such as those found in the Pacific Northwest United States
  • When optimum bagging and lawn clean­up is desired
  • 42A Mower Deck requires a MulchControl baffle be removed to install the bagger chute
MulchControl compatibility

Each MulchControl attachment includes everything needed: baffles and mulch blades for all attachments, and the actuator, wiring, and switches for the electric one-touchattachments.

Lever-action MulchControl attachments
Attachment numberDescriptionApplications
BM2479442A MulchControl (lever action)X300 Series Tractors, Z300 Series ZTrak Mowers
BM2499348A MulchControl (lever action)X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers
BM2499454A MulchControl (lever action)X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers
Electric one-touch MulchControl attachments
Attachment numberDescriptionApplications
BUC1016442A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 Series Tractors*
BUC1016548A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 and X500 Series Tractors*
BUC1016654A electric one-touch MulchControlX300 and X500 Series Tractors*

*NOTE: Model year 2016-2017 X300 and X500 Series Tractors (X300 serial number 10,001-50,000 and X500 serial number 110,001-130,000) require replacing the tractor wiring harness and dash panel to use an electric MulchControl attachment.

Control and display functions are easy to identify and convenient to use

Controls and gauges (steering wheel removed)Controls and gauges (steering wheel removed)
Dash (X590 Tractor shown with switch on to show display)Dash (X590 Tractor shown with switch on to show display)
Controls

The contoured dash has clean, attractive styling and ergonomic controls for easy use:

  • Controls are color-coded for easy identification by the operator.
  • Controls are logically placed and easy to reach.
  • The power take-off (PTO) switch allows the operator to get fingers underneath it, like a T-handle, to pull up for easy activation.
  • The reverse implement option (RIO) switch is a yellow button.
  • The latch control on foot-lift models and hydraulic-lift control on power-lift models and the park brake latch are pivot levers for low effort.
  • Cruise control activation is handled by an automotive-style button.
  • Separate engine speed and choke controls make starting and warming up the engine easier in cold weather.
    • The choke lever is spring loaded to eliminate the chance the tractor will be unintentionally operated with the choke partially closed.
  • Functional design of the throttle and choke controls provides good appearance and a comfortable feel.
Display panel
Display panelDisplay panel
Display panel illustration with descriptionsDisplay panel illustration with descriptions

Instrument display has the look and feel of a modern automobile. A power-up sequence cycles lights and gauges to indicate they are working:

  • Display features dark-cockpit design to minimize operator distractions.
  • Display is back lit for night visibility.
    • Night visibility is especially useful with snow blower use.
  • Hourmeter makes it easy to tell when oil changes and other maintenance should be performed.
  • Electronic fuel gauge provides real-time fuel level information.
  • A tachometer graphically displays engine speed.
    • Target-zone graphics inform the operator of the engine speed range to use for best cut quality.
  • An indicator tells the operator when the PTO is operating.
  • Bright caution and stop lights capture the operator's attention when important information is on the instrument cluster.
    • Damage can be prevented and repair costs reduced by addressing problems early.
  • Operators are advised of what the problem is if they attempt to operate the mower with unsatisfied PTO, seat, or park brake interlocks.
    • The indicators are also useful to identify the reasons the PTO or engine may have shut off when an interlock is unsatisfied.
  • Operators are advised if battery voltage is low, normal, or excessive.
  • The service indicator light illuminates to indicate a diagnostic error code is stored.
    • On-board diagnostics provides trouble codes for use by trained technicians.
      • For example, a technician will be able to test switch functionality and circuit continuity without tools.
Twin Touch™ foot control
Twin Touch foot controlTwin Touch foot control
Cruise controlCruise control

Twin Touchfoot pedals control the speed and direction of travel:

  • Automotive-type accelerator control ensures easy operation.
  • Operator can change direction without lifting foot off the platform.
  • Large pedal surface gives superior operator comfort.
Cruise control

Cruise control is standard equipment:

  • To engage, push the cruise-control buttonand hold until the foot is removed from the forward pedal.
  • For emergency stop, the cruise control can be releasedby pushing on thebrake pedal or the forward pedal.
Mower deck height adjustment
Conveniently located mower deck height adjustmentConveniently located mower deck height adjustment
Onboard mower adjusting gauge and wrenchOnboard mower adjusting gauge and wrench

A rotary dial knob makes adjusting the mower cut height quick and easy:

  • Mower cut height can be adjusted in 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) increments from 1 in. (2.5 cm) to 4 in. (10.2 cm).
  • Mower deck returns to the same preset height each time it is lowered.
  • Onboard deck-leveling gauge and Exact Adjust tool conveniently located in the storage compartment under the seat
    • Used in conjunction with Exact Adjust ports for easy and accurate leveling of the mower deck for optimum mowing performance
Deck-leveling gauge placed under deckDeck-leveling gauge placed under deck
Exact Adjust tool is used to level mower deckExact Adjust tool is used to level mower deck

Storage for the onboard deck-leveling gauge and the Exact Adjust tool is provided in the storage tray under the tractor’s seat:

  • Exact Adjust ports allow for easy and accurate leveling of the mower deck for optimum mowing performance.

Deck-leveling gauge is placed at the appropriate location under the left rear, right rear, and front of the mower deck as the cut height is adjusted using the Exact Adjust tool and front draft arm adjusting nuts.

Foot pedal lift system (X570)
Foot pedal lift system (X570)Foot pedal lift system (X570)
Foot-lift latch controlFoot-lift latch control

Pushing with the foot to raise the mower or implement is less strenuous for many operators:

  • Easy-to-use raised-position lock operates similarly to the park brake lock.
  • Foot pedal is out of the way and not likely to catch on bushes and tree limbs when mowing.
  • Mower deck returns to the same preset height each time it is lowered.
Lift-spring decals and boltLift-spring decals and bolt
Lift-assist spring decalLift-assist spring decal

A lift-assist spring is provided on the tractor to minimize lift effort:

  • Lift effort can be easily adjusted by just turning a bolt located on the tractor front bumper for optimum performance, depending on the equipment used (mower, front blade, etc.).
  • Decals on the outside of the tractor frame indicate appropriate adjustment.
  • The mower will not be inadvertently locked in the raised position when mowing through ditches.
  • When installing or removing a mower or front equipment raised by the foot-lift system, spring tension may be removed from the connection points.
    • Pull rearward on the lift pedal and raise the lift latch to hold the pedal in the rearward position.
Convenient hydraulic lift (X580, X584, X590)
Hydraulic lift lever (X580, X584, X590)Hydraulic lift lever (X580, X584, X590)

Convenient hydraulic lift lever makes raising and lowering the mower or implement easy:

  • The hydraulic lift control lever is positioned on the dash near the steering wheel.
  • Hydraulic lift provides quick, easy, and precise fingertip control of equipment.
  • Implement float is built into the lift linkage.
Parking brake control
Parking brakeParking brake

Depressing thebrake pedal applies force to internal wet-disk brake (which providesexcellent durability and long life) for safe stopping.

Parking brake control is conveniently located for easy access; holds brake pedal securely in locked position.

Electric power take-off (PTO) clutch is easy and convenient to use
Electric PTO switchElectric PTO switch

Theheavy-duty electric PTO clutch is operated with a convenient dash-mounted switch.

Heavy-duty PTO clutch
PTO clutchPTO clutch

The PTO clutch is designed to operate through many on/off cycles.

Reverse implement option (RIO)
Reverse implement switchReverse implement switch
Using RIO

CAUTION:Children or bystanders may be injured by rotating blades. Before traveling forward or rearward:

  • Carefully check the area around the machine.
  • Disengage the mower before backing up.

NOTE: Operating the mower while backing up is strongly discouraged. RIO should be used only when operating another attachment or when the operator deems it necessary to reposition the machine with the mower engaged.

  1. Stop forward travel. Allow attachment to run.
  2. Look down and behind the machine to be sure that there are no bystanders.
  3. Push and hold in thereverse implementswitch while depressing the reverse pedal slightly.
    NOTE: If the attachment stops while positioning the machine, return mower engagement (PTO) switch to off position. Repeat this procedure from the beginning.
  4. Release the reverse implement switch and reposition the machine as the machine begins to move rearward.
  5. Resume forward travel. The attachment should continue operating.
  6. Repeat procedure to position the machine again.
Controls and gauges (steering wheel removed)Controls and gauges (steering wheel removed)
Dash (X590 Tractor shown with switch on to show display)Dash (X590 Tractor shown with switch on to show display)
Controls

The contoured dash has clean, attractive styling and ergonomic controls for easy use:

  • Controls are color-coded for easy identification by the operator.
  • Controls are logically placed and easy to reach.
  • The power take-off (PTO) switch allows the operator to get fingers underneath it, like a T-handle, to pull up for easy activation.
  • The reverse implement option (RIO) switch is a yellow button.
  • The latch control on foot-lift models and hydraulic-lift control on power-lift models and the park brake latch are pivot levers for low effort.
  • Cruise control activation is handled by an automotive-style button.
  • Separate engine speed and choke controls make starting and warming up the engine easier in cold weather.
    • The choke lever is spring loaded to eliminate the chance the tractor will be unintentionally operated with the choke partially closed.
  • Functional design of the throttle and choke controls provides good appearance and a comfortable feel.
Display panel
Display panelDisplay panel
Display panel illustration with descriptionsDisplay panel illustration with descriptions

Instrument display has the look and feel of a modern automobile. A power-up sequence cycles lights and gauges to indicate they are working:

  • Display features dark-cockpit design to minimize operator distractions.
  • Display is back lit for night visibility.
    • Night visibility is especially useful with snow blower use.
  • Hourmeter makes it easy to tell when oil changes and other maintenance should be performed.
  • Electronic fuel gauge provides real-time fuel level information.
  • A tachometer graphically displays engine speed.
    • Target-zone graphics inform the operator of the engine speed range to use for best cut quality.
  • An indicator tells the operator when the PTO is operating.
  • Bright caution and stop lights capture the operator's attention when important information is on the instrument cluster.
    • Damage can be prevented and repair costs reduced by addressing problems early.
  • Operators are advised of what the problem is if they attempt to operate the mower with unsatisfied PTO, seat, or park brake interlocks.
    • The indicators are also useful to identify the reasons the PTO or engine may have shut off when an interlock is unsatisfied.
  • Operators are advised if battery voltage is low, normal, or excessive.
  • The service indicator light illuminates to indicate a diagnostic error code is stored.
    • On-board diagnostics provides trouble codes for use by trained technicians.
      • For example, a technician will be able to test switch functionality and circuit continuity without tools.
Twin Touch™ foot control
Twin Touch foot controlTwin Touch foot control
Cruise controlCruise control

Twin Touchfoot pedals control the speed and direction of travel:

  • Automotive-type accelerator control ensures easy operation.
  • Operator can change direction without lifting foot off the platform.
  • Large pedal surface gives superior operator comfort.
Cruise control

Cruise control is standard equipment:

  • To engage, push the cruise-control buttonand hold until the foot is removed from the forward pedal.
  • For emergency stop, the cruise control can be releasedby pushing on thebrake pedal or the forward pedal.
Mower deck height adjustment
Conveniently located mower deck height adjustmentConveniently located mower deck height adjustment
Onboard mower adjusting gauge and wrenchOnboard mower adjusting gauge and wrench

A rotary dial knob makes adjusting the mower cut height quick and easy:

  • Mower cut height can be adjusted in 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) increments from 1 in. (2.5 cm) to 4 in. (10.2 cm).
  • Mower deck returns to the same preset height each time it is lowered.
  • Onboard deck-leveling gauge and Exact Adjust tool conveniently located in the storage compartment under the seat
    • Used in conjunction with Exact Adjust ports for easy and accurate leveling of the mower deck for optimum mowing performance
Deck-leveling gauge placed under deckDeck-leveling gauge placed under deck
Exact Adjust tool is used to level mower deckExact Adjust tool is used to level mower deck

Storage for the onboard deck-leveling gauge and the Exact Adjust tool is provided in the storage tray under the tractor’s seat:

  • Exact Adjust ports allow for easy and accurate leveling of the mower deck for optimum mowing performance.

Deck-leveling gauge is placed at the appropriate location under the left rear, right rear, and front of the mower deck as the cut height is adjusted using the Exact Adjust tool and front draft arm adjusting nuts.

Foot pedal lift system (X570)
Foot pedal lift system (X570)Foot pedal lift system (X570)
Foot-lift latch controlFoot-lift latch control

Pushing with the foot to raise the mower or implement is less strenuous for many operators:

  • Easy-to-use raised-position lock operates similarly to the park brake lock.
  • Foot pedal is out of the way and not likely to catch on bushes and tree limbs when mowing.
  • Mower deck returns to the same preset height each time it is lowered.
Lift-spring decals and boltLift-spring decals and bolt
Lift-assist spring decalLift-assist spring decal

A lift-assist spring is provided on the tractor to minimize lift effort:

  • Lift effort can be easily adjusted by just turning a bolt located on the tractor front bumper for optimum performance, depending on the equipment used (mower, front blade, etc.).
  • Decals on the outside of the tractor frame indicate appropriate adjustment.
  • The mower will not be inadvertently locked in the raised position when mowing through ditches.
  • When installing or removing a mower or front equipment raised by the foot-lift system, spring tension may be removed from the connection points.
    • Pull rearward on the lift pedal and raise the lift latch to hold the pedal in the rearward position.
Convenient hydraulic lift (X580, X584, X590)
Hydraulic lift lever (X580, X584, X590)Hydraulic lift lever (X580, X584, X590)

Convenient hydraulic lift lever makes raising and lowering the mower or implement easy:

  • The hydraulic lift control lever is positioned on the dash near the steering wheel.
  • Hydraulic lift provides quick, easy, and precise fingertip control of equipment.
  • Implement float is built into the lift linkage.
Parking brake control
Parking brakeParking brake

Depressing thebrake pedal applies force to internal wet-disk brake (which providesexcellent durability and long life) for safe stopping.

Parking brake control is conveniently located for easy access; holds brake pedal securely in locked position.

Electric power take-off (PTO) clutch is easy and convenient to use
Electric PTO switchElectric PTO switch

Theheavy-duty electric PTO clutch is operated with a convenient dash-mounted switch.

Heavy-duty PTO clutch
PTO clutchPTO clutch

The PTO clutch is designed to operate through many on/off cycles.

Reverse implement option (RIO)
Reverse implement switchReverse implement switch
Using RIO

CAUTION:Children or bystanders may be injured by rotating blades. Before traveling forward or rearward:

  • Carefully check the area around the machine.
  • Disengage the mower before backing up.

NOTE: Operating the mower while backing up is strongly discouraged. RIO should be used only when operating another attachment or when the operator deems it necessary to reposition the machine with the mower engaged.

  1. Stop forward travel. Allow attachment to run.
  2. Look down and behind the machine to be sure that there are no bystanders.
  3. Push and hold in thereverse implementswitch while depressing the reverse pedal slightly.
    NOTE: If the attachment stops while positioning the machine, return mower engagement (PTO) switch to off position. Repeat this procedure from the beginning.
  4. Release the reverse implement switch and reposition the machine as the machine begins to move rearward.
  5. Resume forward travel. The attachment should continue operating.
  6. Repeat procedure to position the machine again.

Frame is formed from thick steel and welded for reliability

Heavy-duty welded frameHeavy-duty welded frame
Front bumper/weight bracketFront bumper/weight bracket

The frame is made of heavy-duty formed and welded steel, reinforced in critical areas for even greater strength:

  • Frame is formed from 12-gauge, 0.105-in. (2.66-mm) thick material.
  • Front bumper and hitch plate are formed from 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) steel and complete the frame assembly.
  • Front bumper can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
  • Rear hitch plate can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
    • X584 requires an optional rear weight bracket.
Optional Quik-Tatch weights
Shown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weightsShown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights

The front bumper holds up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.

Front axle and wheel spindles are heavy duty
Cast-iron front axleCast-iron front axle

The front axle ismade of nodular cast iron:

  • Strong and shock resistant
  • Will not yield under heavy loads or impact

Replaceable bushings are used at the center axle pivot and steering spindles:

  • Provide excellent wear resistance
  • Grease cavity between bushings maintains lubrication and easy steering between greasings
  • Easy-to-service grease fittings at each spindle
Front steering spindles
Steering spindle (X570 shown)Steering spindle (X570 shown)

Thefront steering spindles are strongfor long life:

  • Have the strength to handle heavy implements
    • 0.75-in. (19-mm) steering spindle diameter (X570)
    • 1-in. (25.4-mm) steering spindle diameter (X580, X584, X590)
  • Provide long life at bearing surfaces
    • 0.75-in. (19-mm) diameter front wheel bearings (X570)
    • 1-in. (25.4-mm) diameter front wheel bearings (X580, X584, X590)
  • Sealed precision ball bearings at front wheels ensure long life and are maintenance free
Rear equipment-mounting system is heavy-duty and easy to use
Rear equipment mounting systemRear equipment mounting system

A heavy-duty equipment mountingsystem is used:

  • Includesstrong frame mounts with a combination of mounting holes in the tractor hitch plate that accept pins or shoulder bolts to support heavy rear-mounted equipment.
  • Easily attach optional equipment to the tractor
  • Can bear the load of heavy rear-mounted equipment, such as material collection systems
Heavy-duty welded frameHeavy-duty welded frame
Front bumper/weight bracketFront bumper/weight bracket

The frame is made of heavy-duty formed and welded steel, reinforced in critical areas for even greater strength:

  • Frame is formed from 12-gauge, 0.105-in. (2.66-mm) thick material.
  • Front bumper and hitch plate are formed from 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) steel and complete the frame assembly.
  • Front bumper can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
  • Rear hitch plate can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
    • X584 requires an optional rear weight bracket.
Optional Quik-Tatch weights
Shown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weightsShown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights

The front bumper holds up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.

Front axle and wheel spindles are heavy duty
Cast-iron front axleCast-iron front axle

The front axle ismade of nodular cast iron:

  • Strong and shock resistant
  • Will not yield under heavy loads or impact

Replaceable bushings are used at the center axle pivot and steering spindles:

  • Provide excellent wear resistance
  • Grease cavity between bushings maintains lubrication and easy steering between greasings
  • Easy-to-service grease fittings at each spindle
Front steering spindles
Steering spindle (X570 shown)Steering spindle (X570 shown)

Thefront steering spindles are strongfor long life:

  • Have the strength to handle heavy implements
    • 0.75-in. (19-mm) steering spindle diameter (X570)
    • 1-in. (25.4-mm) steering spindle diameter (X580, X584, X590)
  • Provide long life at bearing surfaces
    • 0.75-in. (19-mm) diameter front wheel bearings (X570)
    • 1-in. (25.4-mm) diameter front wheel bearings (X580, X584, X590)
  • Sealed precision ball bearings at front wheels ensure long life and are maintenance free
Rear equipment-mounting system is heavy-duty and easy to use
Rear equipment mounting systemRear equipment mounting system

A heavy-duty equipment mountingsystem is used:

  • Includesstrong frame mounts with a combination of mounting holes in the tractor hitch plate that accept pins or shoulder bolts to support heavy rear-mounted equipment.
  • Easily attach optional equipment to the tractor
  • Can bear the load of heavy rear-mounted equipment, such as material collection systems

Modern styling is eye appealing and functional

Attractive stylingAttractive styling
Side-hood ventsSide-hood vents

Smooth, rounded contours present a modern, styled appearance:

  • Hood styling incorporates efficient full-length air-intake louvers on each side.
    • Cooler engine operation
    • Lower operator station sound levels
  • Hot air is vented out the front grill, away from the operator.
  • The fully enclosed hood is made of molded-in-color material.
    • Reduces sound
    • Will not rust or dent
  • Distinctive grille and large, one-piece fender deck complete the styling package.
Versatility and premium features for great performance with larger equipment
X590 show with 47-in. (119-cm) Snow BlowerX590 show with 47-in. (119-cm) Snow Blower
X590 Tractor shownX590 Tractor shown

Premium features ensure the versatility of X500 Series Tractors:

  • Heavy-duty welded-steel frame with integrated rear weight bracket
  • Integrated front weight bracket (X580, X584, X590)
  • Air-cooled John Deere iTorque™power system
  • Differential lock
  • Convenient foot-pedal lift system (X570) or easy-to-use hydraulic lift (X580, X584, X590)
  • Low-effort manual steering (X570) or power steering(X580, X584, X590)
  • Five-position tilt steering wheel (X584, X590)
  • Heavy-duty all-purpose (HDAP) rear tires (X580, X590)
  • Accel Deep™ Mower Decks with optional MulchControl™ system
Two headlights give excellent visibility
Quality headlightsQuality headlights

Headlights are standard equipment.

High-quality headlights make evening work easier and safer:

  • Two 27-W bulbs provide excellent lighting for improved visibility during evening operation.
  • A headlight position on the ignition switch makes it easy to operate the headlights.
  • Headlights are designed to provide an optimum lighting pattern for mowing and snow removal.
Attractive stylingAttractive styling
Side-hood ventsSide-hood vents

Smooth, rounded contours present a modern, styled appearance:

  • Hood styling incorporates efficient full-length air-intake louvers on each side.
    • Cooler engine operation
    • Lower operator station sound levels
  • Hot air is vented out the front grill, away from the operator.
  • The fully enclosed hood is made of molded-in-color material.
    • Reduces sound
    • Will not rust or dent
  • Distinctive grille and large, one-piece fender deck complete the styling package.
Versatility and premium features for great performance with larger equipment
X590 show with 47-in. (119-cm) Snow BlowerX590 show with 47-in. (119-cm) Snow Blower
X590 Tractor shownX590 Tractor shown

Premium features ensure the versatility of X500 Series Tractors:

  • Heavy-duty welded-steel frame with integrated rear weight bracket
  • Integrated front weight bracket (X580, X584, X590)
  • Air-cooled John Deere iTorque™power system
  • Differential lock
  • Convenient foot-pedal lift system (X570) or easy-to-use hydraulic lift (X580, X584, X590)
  • Low-effort manual steering (X570) or power steering(X580, X584, X590)
  • Five-position tilt steering wheel (X584, X590)
  • Heavy-duty all-purpose (HDAP) rear tires (X580, X590)
  • Accel Deep™ Mower Decks with optional MulchControl™ system
Two headlights give excellent visibility
Quality headlightsQuality headlights

Headlights are standard equipment.

High-quality headlights make evening work easier and safer:

  • Two 27-W bulbs provide excellent lighting for improved visibility during evening operation.
  • A headlight position on the ignition switch makes it easy to operate the headlights.
  • Headlights are designed to provide an optimum lighting pattern for mowing and snow removal.

Operator station is comfortable and convenient

Dash controls are color coded for identificationDash controls are color coded for identification
Automotive-like dash displayAutomotive-like dash display

The operator station is designed for operator comfort and convenience in operating all controls. The controls are easy to use and colorcoded for quick identification.

Comfortable seats
15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat (X570, X580)15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat (X570, X580)
21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)

The 15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat(X570, X580) features distinctive styling andis designed for comfort:

  • Open-back design allows air circulation to keep the operator's back cool and dry for a more comfortable ride.
  • Hand grip at thetop of theseat is conveniently located for use when tilting theseat up to protect it from the weather.

The 21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)provides additional comfort and support for the operator.

Adjustable suspension
Seat shown with optional storage pocketSeat shown with optional storage pocket

The seat suspension is easily adjusted to make most any operator comfortable:

  • 7 in. (18 cm) of seat travel allows theoperator to be seated comfortably and operate the controls easily.
  • Seat can be easily adjusted fore and aft by the operator while sitting on the seat (15 positions).
  • Seat features a suspension that is easily adjusted for the operator's weight and height.
    • Springs provide a smooth ride and will not bottom out.
    • Spring position is adjustable for the operator's weight.
  • Seat tilts forward to keep the seating surface out of the weather.
    • Tilting the seat forward keeps moisture and the sun off the seat cushion for greater operator comfort.
  • Optional storage pocket (X570, X580)provides a convenient storage area for gloves, etc.
Optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat, four-bar suspension, and slide
Seat has convenient tilt-back featureSeat has convenient tilt-back feature
Tilt-back seat controlTilt-back seat control

The optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat, four-bar suspension, and slideshipped on Signature Series X700 Tractors is available as an upgrade seat and suspensionfor all X500 Multi-Terrain Tractors (model year 2006-). Key selling features for this seat include:

  • Thick seat cushion for lasting comfort, even after a full day of use
  • Back of seat can be angled to maximize operator comfort
    • Convenient lever on the side of the seat unlocksback of seat to allow positioning
  • Four-bar suspension and slide are included for extra comfort and bolt to the tractors fender-deck mounting holes
  • BM24426 armrestattachment available as a field-installed option
Optional armrest attachment
Adjustable armrest optionAdjustable armrest option
Left armrest in raised positionLeft armrest in raised position

Armrests increase operator support and comfort, thus reducing fatigue and improving productivity, especially when mowing for extended periods of time. Armrests are adjustable to suit the operator. This armrestattachment is designed for the optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat.

Tilt steering wheel (X584, X590)
Tilt steering wheel (lowest position)Tilt steering wheel (lowest position)
Tilt steering wheel (highest position)Tilt steering wheel (highest position)
  • Five steering-wheel positions allow the operator to select the most comfortable setting (X584, X590).
Rubber foot pads
Rubber foot padsRubber foot pads

Rubber foot pads make the operator more comfortable:

  • Help insulate operator's feet from vibration
  • Attractive styling
  • Long-lasting wear surface
  • Reduce chance of slippage, even with wet surface
Cup holder, toolbox, and fender handleCup holder, toolbox, and fender handle

A cup holder and covered toolbox are conveniently located on thefender next to the operator's seat.

Handles on each fender are useful when getting on and off the tractor.

Standard 12-V outletStandard 12-V outlet

A 12-V outlet is standard equipment and provides a convenient plug-in for electrical equipment.

Illustration of fast connector locationIllustration of fast connector location

A mid-vehicle 12-V fast connector, located under the tractor’s fuse box, is included as standard equipment to reduce initial installation time for some attachments that operate on 12-V power from the tractor:

  • The four-cavity connector includes battery, ground, and key switch terminals and is turned on and off with the ignition switch.
Dash controls are color coded for identificationDash controls are color coded for identification
Automotive-like dash displayAutomotive-like dash display

The operator station is designed for operator comfort and convenience in operating all controls. The controls are easy to use and colorcoded for quick identification.

Comfortable seats
15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat (X570, X580)15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat (X570, X580)
21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)

The 15-in. (38-cm) open-back seat(X570, X580) features distinctive styling andis designed for comfort:

  • Open-back design allows air circulation to keep the operator's back cool and dry for a more comfortable ride.
  • Hand grip at thetop of theseat is conveniently located for use when tilting theseat up to protect it from the weather.

The 21-in. (53-cm) high-back seat (X584, X590)provides additional comfort and support for the operator.

Adjustable suspension
Seat shown with optional storage pocketSeat shown with optional storage pocket

The seat suspension is easily adjusted to make most any operator comfortable:

  • 7 in. (18 cm) of seat travel allows theoperator to be seated comfortably and operate the controls easily.
  • Seat can be easily adjusted fore and aft by the operator while sitting on the seat (15 positions).
  • Seat features a suspension that is easily adjusted for the operator's weight and height.
    • Springs provide a smooth ride and will not bottom out.
    • Spring position is adjustable for the operator's weight.
  • Seat tilts forward to keep the seating surface out of the weather.
    • Tilting the seat forward keeps moisture and the sun off the seat cushion for greater operator comfort.
  • Optional storage pocket (X570, X580)provides a convenient storage area for gloves, etc.
Optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat, four-bar suspension, and slide
Seat has convenient tilt-back featureSeat has convenient tilt-back feature
Tilt-back seat controlTilt-back seat control

The optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat, four-bar suspension, and slideshipped on Signature Series X700 Tractors is available as an upgrade seat and suspensionfor all X500 Multi-Terrain Tractors (model year 2006-). Key selling features for this seat include:

  • Thick seat cushion for lasting comfort, even after a full day of use
  • Back of seat can be angled to maximize operator comfort
    • Convenient lever on the side of the seat unlocksback of seat to allow positioning
  • Four-bar suspension and slide are included for extra comfort and bolt to the tractors fender-deck mounting holes
  • BM24426 armrestattachment available as a field-installed option
Optional armrest attachment
Adjustable armrest optionAdjustable armrest option
Left armrest in raised positionLeft armrest in raised position

Armrests increase operator support and comfort, thus reducing fatigue and improving productivity, especially when mowing for extended periods of time. Armrests are adjustable to suit the operator. This armrestattachment is designed for the optional 21-in. (53.3-cm) professional two-piece seat.

Tilt steering wheel (X584, X590)
Tilt steering wheel (lowest position)Tilt steering wheel (lowest position)
Tilt steering wheel (highest position)Tilt steering wheel (highest position)
  • Five steering-wheel positions allow the operator to select the most comfortable setting (X584, X590).
Rubber foot pads
Rubber foot padsRubber foot pads

Rubber foot pads make the operator more comfortable:

  • Help insulate operator's feet from vibration
  • Attractive styling
  • Long-lasting wear surface
  • Reduce chance of slippage, even with wet surface
Cup holder, toolbox, and fender handleCup holder, toolbox, and fender handle

A cup holder and covered toolbox are conveniently located on thefender next to the operator's seat.

Handles on each fender are useful when getting on and off the tractor.

Standard 12-V outletStandard 12-V outlet

A 12-V outlet is standard equipment and provides a convenient plug-in for electrical equipment.

Illustration of fast connector locationIllustration of fast connector location

A mid-vehicle 12-V fast connector, located under the tractor’s fuse box, is included as standard equipment to reduce initial installation time for some attachments that operate on 12-V power from the tractor:

  • The four-cavity connector includes battery, ground, and key switch terminals and is turned on and off with the ignition switch.

Serviceability is convenient with easy-open hood